Small Business Taxes
It is a long standing practice for self employed persons with a small business corporation to “sprinkle” income within that corporation amongst family members. This is normally done by issuing difference classes of the corporation shares to each spouse, particularly where the corporation’s business is the source of family income. The spouse who is not involved in the day to day operations is given a class of shares in recognition of their contribution to the family while the other spouse works within the corporate structure. By setting up a corporation in this manner, the business income can be attributed to either spouse depending on their circumstances at the time of distribution of that income. Normally, this would be accomplished through a declaration of dividends by the corporation on shares held by one spouse or the other.
On March 22, 2017, the Federal Budget indicated that this was a practice which would be examined and which could, in the future, be eliminated. Such tax planning processes are generally considered vital to retirement planning for self employed individuals. If you currently have your small business ownership structured in this manner, we would urge you to pay close attention to deliberations by the Government on this issue in the coming weeks.
UPDATE: According to draft rules released in December 2017, the type of corporation, the age of the shareholder, the involvement of the shareholder in the business, the voting rights and percentage of ownership of the shareholder can determine whether the sprinkling of dividends is available.
In addition to these new rules, as a result of the Federal Government Budget 2018, the amount of passive income within a Canadian Controlled Private Corporation (CCPC) could limit the available small business deduction. Additional to this, the amount of passive income eligible for the small business tax rate will also be reduced. The dividend tax credit received from eligible vs non-eligible dividends is to be revised such that a CCPC will only receive a refundable dividend tax on hand (known as a RDTOH) refund only when the dividend declared is non-eligible.